It was apparent to some that the military coup, no doubt designed and executed by the U.S. at the hands of their agent Fehtullah Gulen was doomed to fail. What looked like a genuine attempt at first raising the hopes of the secularists, Gulenists and Fehtullah Gulen himself, began to crack into pieces shortly after with reports that the majority of the army was not behind the coup. However many theories have emerged, some feasible while others far-fetched.
The two main theories are:
- The military coup was a genuine attempt to overthrow Erdogan, replace him with a secular figure as was the case in Egypt. The plan was to secularise the Middle East and remove the Islamists from power but in a less bloody manner than usual, as to uphold secular democracy, rather than taint it.
- The military coup was designed by the U.S. with the help of Fehtullah Gulen who has influence over many high ranking officials in the army and government but it was never meant to succeed. It was only to allow Recep Tayyip Erdogan to end the vast influence the army has in civil life, allow him to dictate the Syrian quagmire by towing the American plan ‘B’ for a Kurdish State and balkanisation of Syria.
The majority of Muslims around the world see Erdogan as a sincere Islamic leader that is fending off Western influence in order to lead to an “Islamic State” as opposed to a “Secular State”. This is the picture he has painted over the years and there is no denying the level of support he currently enjoys. However, like most issues around the world affecting Muslims there is a mist that clouds our judgement and we are easily duped, hence the issues we face around the world today and it is all linked to the lack of our political awareness.
Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s rapprochements with Russia and “Israel” were not seen in a good light by the Turkish people as well as Muslims around the world who view him as an Islamic figure, with some ridiculously claiming he is the Mujaddid of our century.
Theory 1 suggests that the military coup was a genuine attempt by the Americans to overthrow Erdogan, however a number of questions pose serious doubts into this theory. If the coup was designed and manufactured by the Americans, why would it fail so miserably? Considering that the U.S. are meticulous in their planning, especially when it comes to overthrowing leaders and supporting military coups.
Some of the key questions we can pose are:
- When the coupists had access to state television and media stations, why did they not erode Erdogan’s reputation with broadcasting of his recent rapprochement with the illegal “State of Israel”? Especially considering that most Muslims vehemently oppose “Israel” and wish to wipe it from the map.
- When the coupists had their sight directly on the plane Erdogan was flying back to Istanbul in, why did they not fire? “At least two F-16s harassed Erdogan’s plane while it was in the air and en route to Istanbul. They locked their radars on his plane and on two other F-16s protecting him,” a former military officer with knowledge of the events told Reuters. “Why they didn’t fire is a mystery,” he said.
- Why was Incirlik Airbase reopened for the U.S. to continue its military operations in Syria a day after the coup ended? If the attempt was a genuine one by the Americans, surely the animosity between the two nations would be at its highest ever.
- A political purge of this scale to the military, judicial, educational and political sectors would denote prior planning and investigation into the influence of those who can affect civil life in Turkey and sway its nations decisions. It also meant that Erdogan could get away with purging them without looking as authoritarian as he would have after the coup, especially due to the fact the recent Turkish Supreme Military Council meeting was scheduled to discuss the future of the last few Gulenists still in positions of authority.
- If America was behind the coup to genuinely remove Erdogan he would have to seriously realign himself geopolitically, expel U.S. forces from Incirlik Airbase, close America’s massive embassy in Ankara and turn the tables in Syria.
The European Union have warned that capital punishment on those arrested would be detrimental to Turkey’s application into the EU and Turkey have not yet made their decision. Most likely it will hand down lengthy prison sentences and apply capital punishments to the main culprits. The U.S have condoned the arrests to ease pressure off Ankara.
It is becoming more apparent over the last couple of days that the coup was designed to fail. America used the Gulen movement to their advantage and discarded them swiftly, no doubt a movement already heading to failure long before this last ditch attempt. Erdogan will enjoy popular support for the time being to sweep through the military and effectively Westernise the political framework where the military does not have influence in the day-to-day lives of the people, and also to protect it from future military coups. He will remain closely aligned to America’s “Plan B” for Syria. He may even find himself within the EU, using political cards such as the terrorist threat from Syria or the refugee crisis to keep the EU in check and consistent with America’s plans for the Middle East.